Dr. P. Muhammed Shafi
Dr. P. Muhammed Shafi

Inspire Faculty

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Design and Development of Advanced Materials for Clean Energy, Sustainable Environment, and Health.

  • Metal Oxides

  • Metal sulfides

  • Perovskite Oxides

  • Metal organic framework

  • Conducting Polymers

  • 2D Nanoparticles

  • Nanocomposites Materials

Research Theme 

Advanced Materials Engineering For Energy Harvesting/Conversion/Storage Applications


Aqueous Batteries (Zn-ion, Na-ion, etc..)


Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs)

Photoelectrochemical cell

Hydrogen and Oxygen evolution catalyst

Fuel cell

Electrochemical sensors


Dr. P. Muhammed Shafi is currently working as an INSPIRE Faculty at the Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Calicut, India (from September 2022). He is an Early career Editorial Board Member for the journal ‘Results in Engineering’ Elsevier, and served as Guest Editor  for the journal of ‘crystals’ MDPI publications. His research interest includes the design and development of advanced materials for clean and sustainable energy, environment, and health. He has published more than 30 international journals and one book chapter. He completed his PhD in physics from the National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, India in 2018. Then he moved to South Korea for a postdoctoral felloship at the Institute of Clean Energy Priority Research centre (CEPRC), Yeungnam University. In 2020, he joined as an Assistant professor at School of Chemical Engineering at the same university and continued till 2022 February. Then he worked as an assistant professor at VIT-AP University, India (March 2022 to Augest 2022). He did his bachelor degree in Physics from MES Mampad College (affiliated to Calicut university) in 2010 and masters in Physics from Aligarh Muslim University in 2012.  He has received prestigious Inspire Faculty Fellowship award in 2022 from the Department of Science and Technology, Gov. of India.



PhD in Physics - National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India 

M.Sc. in Physics - Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP, India 


Job Tittle

Company Name

Start Date

End Date

Inspire Faculty

NIT Calicut, India-673601

September  2022


Assistant Professor

VIT-AP University, Amaravati, AP, India

March 2022

Augest 2022

Assistant Professor

Yeungnam University, South Korea

March 2020

February 2022

Postdoctoral Researcher

Yeungnam University, South Korea

March 2019

February 2020


First author and co-author papers

  1. Raj Karthik, Ramaraj Sukanya, Shen Ming Chen*, Mahmudul Hasan, Ganesh Dhakal, P. Muhammed Shafi, and Jae-Jin Shim*, (2023), Development of an Amorphous Nickel Boride/Manganese Molybdate Heterostructure as an Efficient Electrode Material for a High-Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitor, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 15, 9, 11927–11939. (IF= 10.383).
  2. Rajeswari Yogamalar N, Sharma, K. and P Muhammed Shafi, (2022). An overview, methods of synthesis and modification of carbon-based electrodes for supercapacitor. Journal of Energy Storage55, p.105727. 
  3. Ranjith Kumar Deivasigamani., P Muhammed Shafi, Ganesh Dhakal, Karthik, R, Kim, S.H., Kim, M. and Shim, J.J., (2022). Safe and extended operating voltage zinc-ion battery engineered by a gel-polymer/ionic-liquid electrolyte and water molecules pre-intercalated V2O5 cathode. Journal of Molecular Liquids367, p.120399. 
  4. P Muhammed Shafi, Debananda Mohapatra, Pradeep Reddy V, Ganesh Dhakal, Ranjith Kumar Deivasigamani, Dirk Tuma, Thierry Brousse, Jae-Jin Shim, (2022), Sr- and Fe-substituted LaMnO3 Perovskite: Fundamental Insight and Possible Use in Asymmetric Hybrid Supercapacitor, Energy Storage Materials, 45, 119-129  (IF= 20.831).
  5. Deivasigamani Ranjith Kumar, Ganesh Dhakal, P Muhammed Shafi, Mostafa Saad Sayed, Jintae Lee, Yong Rok Lee, Jae-Jin Shim, (2022), Sulfite food additive electrochemical determination by nucleophilic addition on poly (4-aminodiphenylamine)-4-aminothiophenol-Au composite electrode, Microchemical Journal, 181, 107635 
  6. Jeyaraman AnupriyaRamachandran RajakumaranShen Ming ChenRaj KarthikJeyaraj VinothKumarJae-JinShimP. Muhammed ShafiJeong-WonLee, (2022), Raspberry-like CuWO4 hollow spheres anchored on sulfur-doped g-C3N4 composite: An efficient electrocatalyst for selective electrochemical detection of antibiotic drug nitrofurazone, Chemosphere, 296, 133997.
  7. Nikhitha Joseph, P Muhammed Shafi, J. S. Sethulakshmi, Raj Karthik, A Chandra Bose and, Jae-Jin. Shim, (2021), “Three Dimensional NiO Nanonetwork Electrode for Efficient Ultra-fast Electrochemical Energy Storage Application”, ElectrochimicaActa, 399, 139392  (Co-first author)
  8. KarthiK Raj1; P. Muhammed Shafi1; Shen Ming Chen; Ramaraj Sukanya; Jae Jin Shim, (2021), “Investigation on microstructural impacts to electrochemical performances of strontium tungstate as efficient bifunctional catalyst for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions”, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 126, 145-153. (Co-first author)
  9. Sarmad Iqbal, Amr Hussein Mady, Umer Javed, P Muhammed Shafi, Nguyen Van Quang, Iftikhar Hussain, Dirk Tuma, Jae-Jin Shim (2021), Self-templated hollow nanospheres of B-site engineered non-stoichiometric perovskite for supercapacitive energy storage via anion-intercalation mechanism, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 600, 729-739.
  10. P Muhammed Shafi, Evan Kurian, Nikhitha Joseph, Selvakumar Sellaiyan, Akira Uedono, A Chandra Bose (2021), Effect of Ag doping on crystallinity and microstrain of LaMnO3 nanoparticles: Confirmations of defect levels with positron lifetime and Doppler-broadening calculations, Physica B: Condensed Matter, 615, 413087.
  11. Shafi, P. M., Joseph, N., Raj Karthik, Shim J.-J., A. and Bose, A. C., Ganesh V. (2021) “Lemon juice-assisted synthesis of LaMnO3 perovskite nanoparticles for electrochemical detection of dopamine”, Microchemical Journal, 164, 105945. 
  12. Joseph, N., Shafi, P.M. and Bose, A.C (2020), Recent advances in 2D-MoS2 and its composite nanostructures for supercapacitor electrode application, Energy & Fuels, 34, 6, 6558–6597
  13. S Edakkaparamban, Shafi, P. M., GK Yogesh, AC Bose, D Sastikumar (2019), Carbon nanoparticles synthesized by laser ablation of coconut shell charcoal in liquids for glucose sensing applications, Materials Research Express 6(11), 5610. 
  14. Shafi, P. M., Bose, A. C., and Vinu, A. (2018) Electrochemical material processing via continuous charge-discharge cycling: An enehanced performance upong cycling for porous LaMnO3 perovskite supercapacitor electrodes. ChemElectroChem, 5(23), 3723-3730. 
  15. Dhanabal, R., Shafi, P. M., Thirumurugan, A. Velmathi, S., Shamima Hussain and Bose, A. C. (2018) Investigations of Interfacial Electric Field on Reduced‐Graphene‐Oxide‐Supported Molybdenum Oxide @ Silver Phosphate Ternary Hybrid Composite: Highly Efficient Visible‐Light‐Driven Photocatalyst. Chemistry Select, 3 (34), 9920-9932. 
  16. Shafi, P. M., Ganesh, V. and Bose, A. C. (2018) LaMnO3/RGO/PANI Ternary nanocomposite for supercapacitor electrode application and their outstanding performance in all-solid-state asymmetrical device design. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 1(6), 2802-2812. 
  17. Joseph, N., Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2018) Metallic MoS2 anchored on reduced graphene oxide sheets with edge orientation, and its electrochemical investigation on energy storage application. Chemistry Select, 3, 11993-12000. 
  18. Shafi, P. M., Nisar, N. and Bose, A. C. (2018) One‐Pot synthesis of LaMnO3/Mn3O4 nanocomposite: impact of calcination temperature on the synergetic effect towards high energy supercapacitor performance. Chemistry Select, 3, 6459-6467. 
  19. Shafi, P. M., Joseph, N., Thirumurugan, A. and Bose, A. C. (2018) Enhanced electrochemical performances of agglomeration-free LaMnO3 perovskite nanoparticles and achieving high energy and power densities with symmetric supercapacitor design. Chemical Engineering Journal, 338, 147-156. (IF= 16.744)
  20. Joseph, N., Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2018) Metallic 1T-MoS2 with defect induced additional active edges for high performance supercapacitor application. New Journal of Chemistry, 42, 12082-12090. 
  21. Shafi, P. M., Dhanabal, R., Chithambararaj, A., Velmathi, S. and Bose, A. C. (2017) α-MnO2/h-MoO3 hybrid material for high performance supercapacitor electrode and photocatalyst. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 5, 4757-4770. 
  22. Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2015) Effect of reaction medium on porosity and electrochemical properties of MnO2 nanoparticle. Advanced Porous Materials, 3, 57-62.
  23. Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2015) Impact of crystalline defects and size on X-ray line broadening: A phenomenological approach for tetragonal SnO2 nanocrystals. AIP Advances, 5, 057137. 

Corresponding author papers

  1. Karuppiah Balamurugan, Ramachandran Rajakumaran, Shen-Ming Chen, Raj Karthik, Jae-Jin Shim, P. Muhammed Shafi*; (2021), Massive Engineering of Spinel Cobalt Tin Oxide/Tin Oxide Based Electrocatalyst for the Selective Voltammetric Determination of Antibiotic Drug Furaltadone in Water Samples, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 882, 160750.
  2. Rajakumaran, Ramachandran; Sukanya, Ramaraj; Chen, Shen-Ming; Raj, Karthik; Breslin, Carmel; Shafi, P. Muhammed* (2021), "Synthesis and Characterization of Pyrochlore-Type Praseodymium Stannate Nanoparticles: An Effective Electrocatalyst for Detection of Nitrofurazone Drug in Biological Samples", ACS Inorganic chemistry , 60, 4, 2464-2476. 
  3. S Edakkaparamban, Shafi, P. M*., GK Yogesh, AC Bose, D Sastikumar (2021), A simple nonenzymatic glucose sensor based on coconut shell charcoal powder coated nickel foil electrode, Carbon Letters, 31, 729-735. 
  4. Ramachandran Rajakumaran; Musuvadhi Babulal Sivakumar; Raj Karthik; P. Muhammed Shafi*; Jae-Jin Shim; Chang Yo-Shiuan, (2021), “Ingenious design of iron vanadate engulfed 3D porous reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as a reliable electrocatalyst for the selective amperometric determination of furaltadone in aquatic environment”, Applied Surface Science, 569, 151046.

Conference Proceedings (Scopus)

  1. Shafi, P. M., Johnson, C. and Bose, A. C (2018) A comparitive investigation of electrochemical charge storage properties on β, γ, δ and λ-MnO2 nanoparticles, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1942, 050069 doi: 10.1063/1.5028700
  2. Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2017) Synthesis and investigation on electrochemical property of ε-MnO2 nanoparticle, AIP Conference Proceedings 1832, 050098; doi: 10.1063/1.4980331
  3. Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2016) Structural evolution of tetragonal MnO2 and its electrochemical behavior, AIP Conference Proceedings 1731, 050038; doi: 10.1063/1.4947692
  4. Shafi, P. M. Vishal, J. K. and Bose, A. C. (2016) Graphene oxide-MnO2 nanocomposite for supercapacitor application, Proceedings Volume 9932, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Emerging 2D Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices IX; 99320I; doi: 10.1117/12.2237578
  5. Shafi, P. M. and Bose, A. C. (2015) Synthesis and characterization of α-MnO2 electrode for supercapacitor application, AIP Conference Proceedings 1665, 050079; doi: 10.1063/1.4917720.